Answer the following Finance Questions;

Q1. Identify the key financial decisions facing the financial manager of any business firm and Explain the meaning of each decision? (1 mark)

Q2. What can happen if a firm is poorly managed? (1 mark)

Q3. If the expected inflation rate is 10 percent and the real rate of interest is 4 percent:

a. Compute the nominal rate of interest. (Hint: use equation 2.1) (0.5 mark)

b. Briefly differentiate between the nominal and the real rates of interest. (0.5 mark)

Q4. Nimitz Rental Company provided the following information to its auditors. For the year ended March 31, 2011, the company had revenues of $878,412, general and administrative expenses of $352,666, depreciation expenses of $131,455, leasing expenses of $108,195, and interest expenses equal to $78,122.

If the company’s tax rate was 34 percent, what is its net income after taxes? (1 mark)

Q5. Modern Appliances Corporation has reported its financial results for the year ended December 31, 2011.

Modern Appliances Corporation
Income Statement for the Fiscal31-Dec-11
Cost of goods sold3,432,925,255
Gross profit margin1,965,486,745
Selling, general, and admin. expenses1,036,311,231
Operating income629,247,359
Interest expense35,826,000
Income taxes163,104,554
Net earnings430,316,805
Consolidated Balance Sheet Modern Appliances Corporation Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2011
AssetsLiabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Cash and cash equivalents$ 514,412,159Short-term borrowing$ 117,109,865
Accounts receivable1,046,612,233Trade accounts payable466,937,985
Inventories981,870,990Other current liabilities994,289,383
Other current assets313,621,610
Total current assets$2,856,516,992Total current liabilities$1,578,337,233
Net fixed assets754,660,275Long-term debt1,200,691,565
Total liabilities$2,779,028,798
Goodwill118,407,710Common stock397,407,352
Other assets665,058,761Retained earnings1,218,207,588
Total equity1,615,614,940
Total assets$4,394,643,738Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$4,394,643,738

Using the information from the financial statements, complete a comprehensive ratio analysis for Modern Appliances Corporation.

a. Calculate these liquidity ratios: current and quick ratios. (0.2 mark)

b. Calculate these efficiency ratios: inventory turnover, total asset turnover. (0.2 mark)

d. Calculate these leverage ratios: total debt ratio, debt-to-equity ratio, Equity multiplier. (0.2 mark)

e. Calculate these profitability ratios: gross profit margin, net profit margin, ROA, ROE. (0.2 mark)

f. Use the DuPont identity, and after calculating the component ratios, compute the ROE for this firm. (0.2 mark)

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