What is the purpose of surgical draping? 11. Before starting the skin prep, the surgical technologist should perform a mental check of patient al considerations. This includes: 12. List the technique on how to drape equipment. 13. List the technique in draping 14. List the technique in removing drapes, MATCHING Match each term with the correct definition. Some terms may be used more than once. 1. destroys microorganisms by desiccation (drying) of the cell proteins. a. Hexachlorophene 2 b. lodophors c. Alcohol 3. has not been approved as a first choice skin prep by The Joint Commission or CDC. is absorbed through the skin and may cause toxicity. Although it normally is noirritating to tissue, first-degree and second-degree chemical bums can result from improper prep technique or if the patient is sensitive to iodine, d. Chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) A solution that was removed as a safe skin prep agent. This agent was found to be absorbed through damaged skin of all ages, it was also found to cause damage to the central nervous system in infants. 5. is extremely flammable and volatile. 6. has been linked to hearing loss when accidently introduced in the et car 7. should never be used on mucous membranes or in the eyes or an open wound 8 should never be used during prep of the eye, ear or face. Not recommended for use on large open wounds, burns, or infants younger than 2 months of age. 124 Choose the most correct answer to complete the question or statement. 1. Prewarming a prep solution in a microwave or uncontrolled or unmonitored systems create a risk of: a. Allergies b. Chemical burn c. Fire d. Thermal burn 2. Surgical prep agents can cause skin irritation, rash, or other conditions except: a. Sterilization of the skin b. Chemical and thermal burns c. Fire d. Allergy 3. Alcohol and alcohol-based prep solutions are volatile and flammable. When alcohol solution or volatile fumes come in contact with heat sources, they can easily cause: 2. Allergies b. Chemical burn c. Fire d. Thermal burn require(s) a large area of exposure. a. Trauma wounds b. Cardiac/vascular inscisions c. Autografts d. Debridement 9. are folded in a specific way before sterilization so that they can be positioned over the operative site and unfolded in a way that prevents contamination a Towels b. Gowns c. Drapes d. All the above 10. The patient is ready for skin prep and draping only after: 2. Induction of general anesthesia and intubation b. The “pause” c. The circulator has finished the required surgical paperwork d. The surgeon inspects the patient’s surgical site skin 11. A retention catheter with a small, inflatable balloon at the tip is called a catheter 2. Robinson b Malecot c. Fogarty d. Foley 12. Selection of the correct catheter is based on the patient’s 2. Age, mental development, and sexual preference b. Age, size, and the type of procedure c. Age, size, and gender d. Size, grade in school, and gender 13. Catheterization of a female surgical patient requires the position. a. Supine b. Pron c. Lithotomy d. Knees slightly flexed 4. Serious can occur when prep solutions are allowed to pool under the patient during surgery a. Allergies b. Chemical burns c. Fires d. Thermal burns 5. During the cleansing process, the surgeon removes all foreign material and trims away devitalized tissue called: a. Trauma b. Cardiac/vascular c. Autograft d. Debridement 6. is a type of tissue that is removed from one site on the patient and grafted to another site. a. Trauma b. Cardiac/vascular c. Autograft d. Debridement 7 wounds are almost always contaminated because they are caused by external forces and often occur in environments that are mildly or grossly contaminated. a. Trauma b. Cardiac/vascular c. Autograft d. Debridement 14. Which of the following statements is true regarding the technique for placing a Foley catheter? a. The assisting hand does not contact sterile supplies, including the catheter itself. b. Both hands must remain sterile for the procedure. c. If the catheter is placed before the prep has been donc, it is not done using aseptic technique. d. The insertion hand does not contact sterile supplies

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