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ompare the percentages of total calories due to fat, carbohydrates, and protein found in soy milk with the percentages you calculated for one serving of peanut butter in the textbooks Critical Thinking box on page 1041. How do the percentages relate to the ideal percentages for optimum energy balance in the body mis text comes ply of isure tems on the Nutrition Label Serving Size 1 for one serving of th ing is one-half size. The nutrition information given is ving of the food. In Figure 33-7, one sery- up of the food. The package con- ains four servings. gested body nt for tract rough Carbohydrates. The total amount of carbohydrates per serving is listed together with the amount of car- bohydrates that come from simple sugar. These two types of carbohydrates are separated for individuals who are trying to eat more complex carbohydrates and less simple sugar. calories ing, as Calories. The per serving as fat per serving 1 The label lists the number of calories ing, as well as the number of calories from serving. The latter number should be less of the total calories. For example, if there total calories, the calories from fat should the lattern For example, it would Other Other Information. The amounts of fiber, protein, and some vitamins and minerals are listed. than 50% of the total calor number shoes from of the work such stipa are 100 total be 30 or less arbo ages. Lose. The Percentage (%) Daily Value. The daily value is the amount of a nutrient obtained heating one serving of the product. The amount is given in a percentage based on a diet of 2.000 calories day. For example, if the packaged food has 3 grams of fat, the total fat from eating one serving is 5% of total fat that should be ingested in an entire day. Ingredients. The ingredients contained in a pack- aged food are listed on the label. The item that is in the largest quantity is listed first. For example, it a product lists flour first and water second, there is more flour than water in the product. Preservatives, or chemicals, are added to food to keep it fresh lon- ger, and artificial flavors and colors are often added to processed foods. ohy tain ends Cion the Fot and Cholesterol. Because it is important to eat a low-fat diet, nutrition labels list both the total amount of fat and the amount of saturated fat and trans fat per serving. Saturated fat comes from an animal source and contains more cholesterol than unsaturated fat, which comes from a vegetable source. The cholesterol content is also listed. Sodium. The amount of sodium per serving is listed. This category is especially important for patients on a sodium-restricted diet, such as those with cardiac disease and hypertension. Comparing Labels Look at some labels from snack foods that people eat when they want something crunchy and salty. Figure 33-8 shows labels from potato chips, pret- zels, and snack crackers. When comparing prod- ucts, compare equal amounts. These products list the serving as 30 or 28 grams. That is close enough to compare the labels. In reviewing these labels, note the amount of fat and saturated fat in each item. It might be assumed that potato chips, which are fried, would be high in fat. It may be surprising that the snack crackers have high fat content. Pretzels are the clear winner for a low-fat snack among these options. Although the labels show total fat and satu- rated fat, the amount of trans-fatty acids (TFA) is not listed. Previously, food labels included trans fats within the total fat amount. The FDA now requires the amount of TFA be listed in the label. Nutrition Facts Serving Size X cup (1309) Servings Par Container About 4 Amount Per Serving Calories 110 Calories from Fat % Daily Value* Total Fat Og 0% Sodium 340mg 14% Total Carbohydrate 20g 7% Dietary Fiber 6g 25% Sugars 29 Protein 8g Critical Thinking Calcium 6% . Tron 10% Not a significant source of saturated fat, translat cholesterol van A d vitamin C “Percant Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. The following is information from a label for peanut butter. Calculate the percentage of calories from fat, protein, and carbohydrate Serving size 2 tbsp Calories 204 Protein Carbohydrates Fat 169 9g 69 FIGURE 33-7 Labels on food packages give facts about the ingredients and nutrition of the food in the package. CHAPTER 33 NUTRITION IN HEALTH AND DISEASE 1041

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