What are the different types of drugs used to treat affective disorders? Which is most effective, if any? Which has the lowest side effect profile?

What are the effects of the hormones of the SAM system and HPA axis on peripheral arousal, immune function, and brain function?

Why does tolerance happen to some symptoms and not others? Why does this make some drugs more dangerous over time? What is withdrawal syndrome and how is it related to tolerance?

What is conditioned drug tolerance and why is it potentially problematic for those who are physically dependent on a drug?

What is ED-50? TD-50? LD-50?

What are the various drug delivery and administration routes? Which one has the fastest route of action? Which has the greatest bioavailability? Why might one use a different administration route?

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