A-LEVEL OF DYSPHAGIA WITH STROKE
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Table of Contents TOC o “1-3” h z u DECLARATION PAGEREF _Toc55661083 h iABSTRACT PAGEREF _Toc55661084 h iiACKNOWLEDGEMENT PAGEREF _Toc55661085 h iiiLIST OF TABLES PAGEREF _Toc55661086 h viLIST OF FIGURES PAGEREF _Toc55661087 h viiABBREVIATIONS PAGEREF _Toc55661088 h viiiI. CHAPTER ONE PAGEREF _Toc55661089 h 1Introduction. PAGEREF _Toc55661090 h 1Background PAGEREF _Toc55661091 h 3The Problem Statement PAGEREF _Toc55661092 h 7Study Objectives PAGEREF _Toc55661093 h 8Specific Objectives PAGEREF _Toc55661094 h 9Research Questions PAGEREF _Toc55661095 h 9Significance of the Study PAGEREF _Toc55661096 h 10Study Scope PAGEREF _Toc55661097 h 11II. CHAPTER TWO PAGEREF _Toc55661098 h 12LITERATURE REVIEW PAGEREF _Toc55661099 h 12Risk Factors Accompanying Dysphagia in Freshly Extubated Ill Patients. PAGEREF _Toc55661100 h 12Managing Dysphagia in Acute Stroke PAGEREF _Toc55661101 h 14Dysphagia Diagnosis PAGEREF _Toc55661102 h 15Dysphagia Screening. PAGEREF _Toc55661103 h 17Location of Stroke besides Physiologic Deficits PAGEREF _Toc55661104 h 18primary care of dysphagia PAGEREF _Toc55661105 h 20Principles of Ischemic Stroke Management PAGEREF _Toc55661106 h 20Impacts of Nasogastric Tubes in Acute Stroke Patients. PAGEREF _Toc55661107 h 21Dysphagia as an Indicator of Transition to Palliative Care. PAGEREF _Toc55661108 h 22Aspiration Pneumonia and Pneumonia in Care Home Populations PAGEREF _Toc55661109 h 22Tongue Pressure Profile Training (TPPT) PAGEREF _Toc55661110 h 23Dysphagia and Texture-modified Nutrition PAGEREF _Toc55661111 h 24Change in Life Quality in Patients at Home Care Facilities PAGEREF _Toc55661112 h 25Inpatient Rehabilitation PAGEREF _Toc55661113 h 25Impressions of Oropharyngeal Complications on Healthcare Cost PAGEREF _Toc55661114 h 26Medical Performance Trials for Adults with Acute Ischemic Stroke PAGEREF _Toc55661115 h 27III. CHAPTER THREE PAGEREF _Toc55661116 h 29RESEARCH METHODOLOGY PAGEREF _Toc55661117 h 29Introduction PAGEREF _Toc55661118 h 29Site Description PAGEREF _Toc55661119 h 29Research design PAGEREF _Toc55661120 h 29Study Population and Sample PAGEREF _Toc55661121 h 30Targeted Population PAGEREF _Toc55661122 h 30Sampling Techniques PAGEREF _Toc55661123 h 30Sample Size PAGEREF _Toc55661124 h 30Key Informants PAGEREF _Toc55661125 h 31Research Instruments PAGEREF _Toc55661126 h 31Data Collection Methods and Procedures PAGEREF _Toc55661127 h 31Data Assortment Procedures PAGEREF _Toc55661128 h 31Data Analysis Methods PAGEREF _Toc55661129 h 32Ethical Contemplation PAGEREF _Toc55661130 h 32Limitations of the Study PAGEREF _Toc55661131 h 33Problems met throughout the study PAGEREF _Toc55661132 h 33CHAPTER FOUR PAGEREF _Toc55661133 h 35RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS. PAGEREF _Toc55661134 h 35References PAGEREF _Toc55661135 h 36
LIST OF TABLES
LIST OF FIGURES
ABBREVIATIONS
TIA: Transient Ischemic Attack
UK: United Kingdom
V.F: Video Fluorography
V.E: Video endoscopic Examination
VFSS: Video Fluoroscopy
FEES: Video Endoscopy
NGT: Nasogastric Tube
MCA: Middle Cerebral Artery
TPPT: Tongue Pressure Profile Training
I. CHAPTER ONE
Introduction.
Dysphagia is a health complication allied to the interruption of the bolus flow beginning in the mouth via the pharynx CITATION Sin l 1033 (Singh, et al., 2006). Under the usual condition, swallowing in humans takes a safe food passage through boluses flowing smoothly until they reach the stomach. Nevertheless, disruption due to dysphagia interferes with the food movement and in most cases, some food particles find their way into the air route. Remarkably, some studies indicate that dysphagia in specific does not result in abnormality of the esophagus CITATION Sin l 1033 (Singh, et al., 2006).
Stroke on the other hand is an emergency disorder that occurs when a person experiences a decline in the supply of blood into the brain cellsCITATION Cam19 l 1033 (Campbell, et al., 2019). Stroke has been proved to manifest in three diverse forms. Consequently, any given person may be diagnosed with Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA), complications due to hemorrhagic stroke, otherwise, the patient may be diagnosed with another manifestation of this disease known as ischemic strokeCITATION Die19 l 1033 (Diener, et al., 2019). Furthermore, of the three forms, ischemic stroke adds up to about 87% of all stroke cases. Therefore, this is the utmost popular form of strokeCITATION Die19 l 1033 (Diener, et al., 2019). Stroke has majorly been associations with blood clotting which in turn hinders the flow of blood carrying oxygen to the brain.

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