Annotated Bibliography; Benefits of Costs Management and Patient
Education of Diabetes Mellitus in Older Adults
Institution Affiliation
Annotated Bibliography
Reference #1
Lian, J. X. McGhee, S. M. Chau, J. Wong, C. Lam, C. L. & Wong W. C. (2017). A systematic
review of the cost-effectiveness of self-management education for type 2 diabetes
mellitus. Diabetes research and clinical practice. 127, 21-34.
The article begins by explaining diabetes mellitus and the benefits acquired after self-management education on older adults. According to (Lian et al. 2017), the cost of achieving clinical risk factors through self-education is moderate amongst the individuals who underwent training programs on how to control diabetes mellitus. Further, the author evaluates how the education program concerning self-management saves many resources if well utilized in the long-term. Specifically, the article is seeking to review how cost-effective self-management programs are on type 2 diabetes mellitus. The study was conducted by searching for Cochrane, PubMed, and PsycINFO details published between 2003 and September 2015. During the research, 777 booklets were involved, and the final results consisted of 12 papers. As (Lian et al. 2017) discusses, the cost of clinical factors per unit range from US$491 to US$7723, and through the programs, it can reduce by US$39. However, the study results confirm that the cost of self-management after the training program is modest in clinical factors, and therefore, adequate.
This study outlines the cost-effectiveness of training programs on individuals suffering from diabetes mellitus after undergoing disease control training. Furthermore, the results were derived from multiple studies to evaluate and explore more of the cost benefits acquired by old patients suffering from diabetes mellitus after undertaking the education. The article’s credibility is proven by its ability to provide evidence-based literature after undergoing peer review.
The article has proven to be statistically useful since the authors collected information from multiple sources on the research carried out previously on old individuals with diabetes mellitus. Cost-effectiveness was identified in a small number of studies on individuals who underwent training programs. On the other hand, cost-effectiveness is a long-term achievement for individuals who experience education sessions concerning diabetes.
Reference #2
Karen R. S., Mohammed K. A. Xilin Z., Boon P. N. Shawn J. et al. (2020). Cost-effectiveness of
Interventions to manage diabetes mellitus diabetes: Has evidence changed since 2008?
Journal from American Diabetes Association. 43(7): 1557-1592.
The article aims at synthesizing the evidence on the cost of managing diabetes mellitus after undergoing patient education and the complications. However, the authors start by explaining diabetes as a severe and common but costly disease that affects more than 34 million Americans and consumed approximately $327 billion in 2017, as (Karen et al. 2020) discusses. Annually, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) publishes some articles to acknowledge the patients’ care to old diabetic patients. The study was carried out on high-income nations and intervention from ADA. The authors also consulted about 73 studies involving cost management in diabetes mellitus after undergoing training programs. Additionally, the studies reveal that controlling diabetes type two and the primary risk factors to prevent the expected complications is cost-effective. The findings in the screening of individuals past 45 years in the U.S. prove that diabetes mellitus is cost-effective; this is compared to a targeted screening of high-risk persons.
The study is essential since the statistics provided more understanding of cost-effectiveness among most patients suffering from diabetes mellitus at old age. The study has also availed basic information necessary for maintaining the low cost of treating patients with diabetes after undergoing education programs. Specifically, the data provides an insight concerning older people in the U.S. that may be necessary if utilized in other countries. The article is recent and from a scholarly journal.
The discussion topic on the benefits of cost-effectiveness and education for diabetes mellitus is relevant since it provides insight into the increasing numbers of diabetic patients. However, the study proves beneficial as it allows for more information on the importance of educating diabetic patients and how it is cost saving. The study also complements professionals undertaking treatment of the condition and offers education on managing the complications to save on resources.

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