A Commentary of McCullough’s Article
The theory of Foundations of Bioethics by Tristram Engelhardt asserts that there are no foundations of bioethics. Tristram Engelhardt also argues that there is no bioethics either (Engelhardt 3). According to McCullough, Engelhardt’s book has had a significant influence on global bioethics than any other book (McCullough 3). The book has two editions whereby Engelhardt uses the “Enlightenment Project” among other facts to explain the non-existence of bioethics as well as the foundations of bioethics. Scholars have had a significant focus on the book analyzing the issues discussed to understand the validity and reliability of Engelhardt’s theory in the foundations of bioethics. McCullough is prudent in arguing that Engelhardt’s theory in the foundations of bioethics is mistaken because of the assumptions about intellectual history, the history of western philosophy, and the author’s flawed focus on the Enlightenment project.
McCullough starts by describing Engelhardt’s theory in the Foundations of Bioethics and how the book has had a significant influence on global bioethics. He further asserts that Engelhardt has written two editions of the book to facilitate an understanding of the non-existence of bioethics and foundations of bioethics. McCullough explains the term enlightenment and how Engelhardt utilizes the enlightenment project to present his argument about the foundations of bioethics. The introductory part of the article is an explanation of Engelhardt’s theory. As such, McCullough’s understanding of the editions of the book on foundations of bioethics proves that he understands Engelhardt’s theory (McCullough 3). The description is succinct because McCullough starts by describing each term independently before delving on the actual analysis of the enlightenment project.